The development and implementation of well-defined mental health policies and plans are critical to good governance and leadership for mental health. These contribute to improving the organization, accessibility, and quality of service delivery, and fostering engagement with stakeholders, including people with lived experience, their care givers, and the community at large. Government leadership, setting clear targets and areas for action, allocating sufficient resources, an evidence-based approach, and a commitment to human rights, health equity, and reaching the un-reached will be key.
Mental health promotion involves actions that improve psychological well-being. This may involve creating an environment that supports mental health. An environment that respects and protects basic civil, political, socioeconomic and cultural rights is fundamental to mental health.
People with bipolar disorder are more likely to experience problems with the use of alcohol or other drugs but the drugs do not cause the disorder. People with bipolar disorder may use alcohol or street drugs to make themselves feel better (self-medicate) or as an escape from their problems. Bipolar disorder is a treatable brain disorder.
Anxiety disorders affect nearly 1 in 5 adults each year. People with these disorders have feelings of fear and uncertainty that interfere with everyday activities and last for 6 months or more. Anxiety disorders can also raise your risk for other medical problems such as heart disease, diabetes, substance abuse, and depression.
The main difference between PTSD and the experience of trauma is important to note. A traumatic event is time-based, while PTSD is a longer-term condition where one continues to have flashbacks and re-experiencing the traumatic event. Getting effective treatment after PTSD symptoms develop can be critical to reduce symptoms and improve function.
Trauma is an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape or natural disaster. Immediately after the event, shock and denial are typical. Longer term reactions include unpredictable emotions, flashbacks, and even physical symptoms. Trauma is divided into three main types: acute, chronic, and complex.
We recognize insomnia as a risk factor for major depressive disorder. In fact, people with insomnia are twice as likely to develop depression as people who don’t have sleep disorders. There has been a great deal of study on post-traumatic stress disorder and how it affects sleep patterns. But medications alone are not always the answer.
A “psychotic disorder” is an umbrella term to describe multiple types of mental health conditions. Psychosis itself is characterized by an impaired relationship with reality, often including confusion, and delusions. It’s important to note that psychosis is not present in all mental health disorders, and the symptoms vary greatly by individual.
This report has been drafted under the responsibility of the WHO Secretariat, Department of
Essential Medicines and Health Products, Team of Innovation, Access and Use. The report is
an update and extension of the pre-review on cannabidiol, that was prepared by Prof Jason White, Adelaide, Australia, for the 39th ECDD meeting in November 2017.
Mental, neurological, and substance use disorders are highly prevalent in all regions of the world, and they are major contributors to disease, premature death, and disability worldwide.
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